Biological system considerations for application of toxicogenomics in next-generation risk assessment and predictive toxicology.
Toxicol In Vitro
(Apr 14, 2022).
There is increasing interest in using modern 'omics technologies, such as whole transcriptome sequencing, to inform decisions about human health safety and chemical toxicity hazard. High throughput methodologies using in vitro assays offer a path forward in reducing or eliminating animal testing. However, many aspects of these technologies need assessment before they will gain the trust of regulators and the public as viable alternative test methods for human health and safety. We used a high throughput whole transcriptome sequence assay (TempO-Seq) to assess the use of three widely used cancer cell lines (HepG2, MCF7, and Ishikawa cells) as in vitro systems for determination of cellular modes of action for two well studied compounds with canonical liver responses: ketoconazole and phenobarbital. We evaluated transcriptomic data to infer points of departure for use in risk analyses of compounds. Both compounds displayed shortcomings in evidence for canonical liver-related responses in any cell line, despite a strong dose response in all three. This raises questions about the competence of simple, mono-cultured cancer cell lines as appropriate surrogates for some adverse effects or toxic endpoints. Points of departure derived from benchmark doses were highly consistent across all three cell lines however, indicating the use of transcriptomic BMD analyses for such purposes would be a reliable and consistent approach.
One paper by ScitoVation authors